For decades, cowboys have lived by an unwritten code of ethics that guides how they work, and how they interact with and treat livestock, their horses and other cowboys. Much of it stems from respect, common courtesy and an understanding of how to get the job done. Below are a few important, time-honored codes.

Story and photos by Ross Hecox

Ride Behind the Boss


When a crew travels anywhere ahorseback, experienced cowboys know that the boss always leads the way. It’s impolite to ride in front of him, and besides, he knows the country and the strategy for the day’s work.

Stay in Your Spot


When moving a herd of cattle, it’s important to stay in your position. If you’re bringing up the drags, continue driving from that spot. If you’re flanking the herd on the right side, don’t move somewhere else. Jim Scott, who ranches in eastern Montana, says that staying in your spot makes trailing cattle work smoother, shows respect for the other cowboys and helps everyone know their responsibilities.

“If you move, it’s not only a lack of courtesy, it’s a lack of teamwork,” Scott says.



If a person is visiting a ranch without a mount or a hired hand’s ride is temporarily out of commission, it’s impolite to saddle up someone else’s horse without asking. Nebraska rancher Craig Haythorn strictly adheres to this code, even though he and his family own all the horses the cowboys ride.

“If I know of somebody that needs to borrow a horse, I don’t loan one away without checking with the guy who has that horse in his string,” Haythorn says. “The horses are mine anyway, but it’s customary to ask.”

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Even dogs understand not to bite the hand that feeds them. Likewise, cowboys are careful to stay on Cookie’s good side while he’s chopping, mixing and serving their meals. Many hired cooks work from before sunup until after sundown preparing three meals a day to hungry cowboys. Cowboys who fully understand this code are sure to compliment the cook on the food and bring their empty plates to the sink.


Whenever a group of cowboys rides up to a gate, there is an unwritten rule on how they pass through it. Generally, one of the younger men opens the gate, holding it for the others. To be courteous, the other cowboys go through in order, one at a time.

“It’s kind of the law of the land,” says Four Sixes cowboy Boots O’Neal, who has been punching cows for more than 60 years. “They all go through in order, then stop and wait on the man to close the gate. It’s a courtesy, more or less.”


“Thou shalt not steal” was written in stone—literally—thousands of years ago. Cowboys tend to honor this biblical principle with conviction. And for them, it goes beyond rustling calves, swiping the boss’s money belt or liberating a man of his prized saddle. Borrowing someone else’s belongings or riding their horse without permission is also not allowed. Even invading their space is generally viewed as a form of larceny.

“On ranches where I’ve worked, nobody used your stuff,” says Roland Moore, a veteran Montana cowboy. “Your stall in the stable was always yours. The cookhouse was a safe place, so much that you could leave your money on the table and it would be there days later. And at dinner, your spot at the table always belonged to you. That’s just the way it was.”

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Taking care of one’s horse is a core principle of horsemanship. For cowboys, it’s a code that reaches beyond feeding, doctoring, deworming, grooming and patting their pony on the neck. Hay, grain and water come before beans, biscuits and coffee. Tired horses get to rest for days, sometimes weeks. Patient hands work light on the bit. During long, hard days working cattle, cowboys pause near water so their horses can drink. They also don’t mind taking a break, loosening the cinch, and even pulling the saddle off their partner’s sweaty back. A horse remains a vital tool on today’s working ranches. Not only does treating a horse properly shape a willing, loyal attitude, but it also sits well with a cowboy’s conscience.


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